Duan Hong +

Docker Introduction


Docker is a tool for packaging and shipping apps. Based on the idea of a shipping container, it provides a standardized way for developers or system administrators to create lightweight images, or collections of images, for each element of an application, and then easily and quickly deploy the image. Since the image is standardized, it can be uniformly deployed on development or production, leading to a much simpler workflow, faster development time for the dev team, and lower management overhead for ops team.

First, a quick overview of a few things Docker is:

And a few things Docker isn’t:

Some key ideas in Docker you should know:

Docker uses the git-style command format:

$ docker [OPTIONS] COMMAND [arg...]

commands table

Command Description
attach Attach to a running container
build Build an image from a Dockerfile
commit Create a new image from a container’s changes
cp Copy files/folders from a container’s filesystem to the host path
diff Inspect changes on a container’s filesystem
events Get real time events from the server
export Stream the contents of a container as a tar archive
history Show the history of an image
images List images
import Create a new filesystem image from the contents of a tarball
info Display system-wide information
inspect Return low-level information on a container
kill Kill a running container
load Load an image from a tar archive
login Register or log in to the Docker registry server
logs Fetch the logs of a container
port Lookup the public-facing port that is NAT-ed to PRIVATE_PORT
pause Pause all processes within a container
ps List containers
pull Pull an image or a repository from a Docker registry server
push Push an image or a repository to a Docker registry server
restart Restart a running container
rm Remove one or more containers
rmi Remove one or more images
run Run a command in a new container
save Save an image to a tar archive
search Search for an image on the Docker Hub
start Start a stopped container
stop Stop a running container
tag Tag an image into a repository
top Lookup the running processes of a container
unpause Unpause a paused container
version Show the Docker version information
wait Block until a container stops, then print its exit code

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